Definition of a Hacker

A hacker is someone who uses an object with a different function than originally chosen.

A hacker finds creative solutions for problem solving.

Dealing freely with given instructions and trying to set it to your own hand.

A person who wants to actively contribute to better solutions and development of technology and not technological.

There is no one kind of hacker, as the term came from the 80’s and then meant being ridiculously good at something.

In order to hack something you need to know all about the object you want to hack that is how the term still is addable to nowadays.

A hacker is not automatically someone who just breaks into computer networks.

Those kind of people are named crackers and are sadly identified by journalists and governments as hackers. See also Hollywood movies like: Hackers (1995) this movie sends out the wrong ideas about what a hacker is since the characters are mainly breaking into systems for fun, the movie should be called “Crackers”.

A digital hacker used mistakes in programs/websites as loopholes for entrance.  But an entrance doesn’t automatically mean to break something, some hackers leave a friendly warning message that the system is not safe and that they need to fix this and that.

Eric S. Raymond wrote the notable Jargon File and defines:

“Hackers built the Internet. Hackers made the Unix operating system what it is today. Hackers make the World Wide Web work. If you are part of this culture, if you have contributed to it and other people in it know who you are and call you a hacker, you’re a hacker.”

The hacker mind-set is not confined to this software-hacker culture. There are people who apply the hacker attitude to other things, like electronics or music — actually, you can find it at the highest levels of any science or art. Software hackers recognize these kindred spirits elsewhere and may call them ‘hackers’ too — and some claim that the hacker nature is really independent of the particular medium the hacker works in. But in the rest of this document we will focus on the skills and attitudes of software hackers, and the traditions of the shared culture that originated the term ‘hacker’.

Jargon file

A file released by Eric S. Raymond (right winged hacker) That offers a mini wikipedia for everything Hackers and  Hacking related.

Hacker slang and terms

Zero-days

While interviewing Beanow he told me about: “zero-days” which he explained to be information about system deficiencies, he told me that a lot of hackers used this unpublished information to sell to for instance governments or competing companies or, back to the company saying: Heey, I found these error in your coding, if you want to know what I found you can buy this information from me”. They find this information using their technical abilities and distribute or sit on this information. I asked him if he ever found zero-days and he told me he did but, that he had no purpose of selling those kinds of things, he usually sends the company a friendly warning on their website or so, this is not something companies are very happy with.

IRC Server
Stands for Internet Relay Chat

It is mainly for group communication you can do that via irc links online or install a IRC Client. You can not only send texts but also share files via IRC. It also provides an encrytionservice to provide eavesdropping. Another difference between a IRC and a normal chat is that every person in a channel that you joined is also a channel, which means you can access all the channels they are part of.

Techno-Anarchist

See a detailed description in the HippiesFromHell chapter

Scriptkiddies

By a large attack like for example the attack on Paypal in a reaction to Paypal’s action  to remove the donation option for Wikileaks. Anonymous puts a call up for hackers and others who care about the action, but don’t necessarily know something about computers, for those people there are prepared codes that you just have to copy-paste. Those people are called Script Kiddies.

DEFCON

A huge Hack event situated in the U.S.A. the NSA has the most employed Hackers of the world. They often go to events as DEFCON to find new employees.

Examples of a hack:

 

Mathilde Mupe For couldn’t take her hudge computer to the HEU festival so she took a terminal to the camping and rebuilt her keyboard to one that responds to stones.

Mupe keyboard.png

Buurman en Buurman faxen een bloem

bebbeb2

 

The Plantago plant to make your own anti-allergy remedy.

Weegbree.jpgpantain.png

This plant is widely available and easy to make. No money involved.

 

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